Asthma is one of the most widespread diseases in the world with more than 250 million patients. Asthma can be triggered in an individual at any time in his life, and it turns out that in the vast majority of cases, this pathology is not curable which makes asthma a disease chronic.
It is therefore adults who are most affected, but scientists find that asthma is declining earlier in children, probably because of deteriorating environmental conditions (notably pollution, which can be an explanatory factor ).
In children, we must distinguish two kinds of asthma. Those who experience transient asthma attacks, along with other illnesses such as the common cold, have a good chance of their asthma disappearing over the years.
Unlike children who are considered to be asthmatics who, like an adult with asthma, will experience several seizures without any apparent reason throughout the year.
These patients will suffer from this pathology all their lives, however, we will see in this article that there are many treatments, as effective as they are small, allowing asthmatic individuals to live normally, with very few constraints.
Contents: [ Hide ]
- What is Asthma?
- Asthma, what are the main symptoms?
- Asthma, what are the supposed causes?
- The different kinds of asthma:
- Treatment for asthmatics
- Treat asthma with simple everyday gestures
- Medical treatments for asthma
What is Asthma?
“Bronchial hyperreactivity”, here is the term a little barbaric that is hidden behind the asthma. Concretely, asthma is a bronchial disease which, in some more or less defined cases that we will see later in the article, react with excessive sensitivity to certain situations.
In general, a person is considered as asthmatic from his first asthma attack, whether he comes spontaneously, for no apparent reason, or as a result of physical effort. These seizures occur because of inflammation, then contraction of the smooth muscles of the trachea, as well as bronchial tubes, thus making the breathing of asthmatics constraining and difficult. The more severe the crisis (the term “acute” is usually used by health professionals), the more the individual with asthma will have difficulty breathing. In some very severe cases, hospitalization is necessary.
Because of its chronic appearance, the asthmatic will suffer its crises all his life. However, by identifying symptoms precisely, detecting the onset of a seizure and acting accordingly, or adjusting the lifestyle to the disease, it is possible that asthma remains Stage throughout your life, through the use of certain treatments, such as Ventoline.
But if today only 4 out of 10 asthmatics are able to live adequately (with no or very few crises and low intensity), it is because of their lack of attendance and often of information . Indeed, a bad technique of inhalation of prescribed treatments, a refusal to accept his disease, a fear of drugs,
Fortunately, on info-pharma.org, we go around the symptoms, causes and “good” gestures to know about this disease, and thus be able to fight asthma effectively.
Asthma, what are the main symptoms?
To clearly explain the various symptoms of asthma, mainly related to breathing, they must be divided into two distinct categories: persistent symptoms, and symptoms appearing only in times of crisis, more or less severe.
1) Daily symptoms (excluding crisis):
At different times of the day (mostly in the evening, before going to bed, on waking or after intense physical exertion), the asthmatic individual may feel difficulty breathing properly. This phenomenon is called dyspnea and it quickly leads to a disabling shortness of breath, forcing it to cut off all physical exertion.
Breathing can also become “wheezing”, and be accompanied by dry and repeated cough. In addition, the person with asthma may experience a feeling of oppression on his or her rib cage.
2) The intermittent symptoms, which foreshadow a more or less acute crisis.
When an asthma attack approaches, the asthmatic individual may experience tachycardia (significant increase in heart rate), sweating, a great sense of anxiety, and a persistent cough. It is then necessary to quickly take his treatment and calm down, to prevent the crisis from developing further.
In the most serious cases, it will be necessary to call for emergency hospitalization. Among the symptoms that precipitate this type of crisis, we can note:
- Difficulties in expressing oneself properly.
- The lips, or fingers that become blue
- A confusion in the
- Ineffective action of treatments prescribed by a professional, even after repeated intake, several minutes apart each time.
Asthma, what are the supposed causes?
The origins of this disease still create many debates among doctors around the world today. Many explanations, more or less influential on the asthmatic organism, are assumed by health professionals. For a better understanding, we will divide them into three parts:
1 – The genetic factor.
It would seem that the influence of genetics, which is therefore a hereditary factor, holds a prominent place in the development of this disease. It is mainly allergies developed by young children, which would explain their asthmatic predispositions. This is why it is essential to take care of these allergies as soon as they appear, to hope to reduce their harmful influence before the child becomes an adult.
In addition, it seems that breast milk is extremely beneficial in the fight against allergies, and thus asthma. Children breastfed tend to develop much less allergic sensitivity than infants breastfed with cow’s milk which, due to its composition foreign to the human body, does not provide the necessary nutrients for the child to develop, and Build solid immune defenses.
2 – The environmental factor
In addition to the genetic factor and allergies developed in infancy, the environment plays a major role in the development of asthmatic signs.
For example, the first few weeks of an infant’s life are crucial in its future development, as it is at this time that it is least sheltered by its immune defenses, still too weak to protect it effectively against The surrounding environment.
This is why a dusty home can damage his breathing capacities , and develop his first reactions of allergic asthma. Among all the elements represented in this category are mainly dust mites, mold (or domestic fungi, present in humid places in the house) but also animal hair (mainly cat and dog, even if rabbits, hamsters and Other mice are also discouraged in the presence of a baby.)
Secondly, foods, although studies on this subject are not yet sufficiently advanced, seem to play a major role in the development of allergies and therefore asthmatics.
Starting with dairy products (cow’s milk, certain cheeses) but also eggs, chocolate, certain pasta (including pizza dough), cereals, coffee, mustard and certain medicines, all of which can , Leading to the first asthma attacks in infants and young adults.
Although with the means that scientists have in their possession, it is very difficult to establish a concrete link between these foods and asthma, studies show us that infants used to frequently feed on food , Are much more likely to develop asthma in the future. In addition, a study recently showed that “fast-food” would promote asthma in young people , unlike fruits that would act as a natural defense against this disease.
Moreover, in this category we can list certain infections which, when contracted by a young child, lead to the development of asthmatic characteristics. Thus, doctors often find sinusitis, a pulmonary bacterium or even a dental infection, as the main factor triggering an initial asthma attack.
To end these environmental factors, it seems that the climate, which degrades a little more each year, contributes to the development of respiratory hypersensitivity (mainly pollen, brought by the wind, which is a proven cause of a large part of the Allergies detected in infants)
Another important factor is airborne airborne contaminants, mainly composed of industrial wastes: titanium, chromium, nickel, cobalt, as well as tobacco smoke, agricultural pollutants, or simply automobile exhaust.
3 – The psychological factor.
A person who is experiencing an asthma attack is often advised to “calm down” before anything else. And that’s just as true. Researchers have shown a certain correlation between psychology and asthma, which is mainly characterized as a “feeling” of suffocation. Thus, as a result of violent anger, depression or any other strong emotions, an asthma attack can occur.
The main issue, in addition to taking treatment, and then to appease the individual to get him out of this state of panic. Anxiety, in particular, is an emotion particularly conducive to the development of asthmatic signals.
The different kinds of asthma:
There is not one, but “asthma”. It is important to point out that an asthmatic individual may be confronted with several of these asthma, or sort of asthma attack, during his lifetime. But the reverse is also possible!
Here are the different types of asthma listed by health professionals:
- Chronic asthma: It is the most widespread disease, and it is irreversible. There are many medicines to relieve as much as possible the daily chronic asthmatics, but none to cure them totally. In this case, the individual may present respiratory difficulties in the presence of irritants mentioned above, although this is not obligatory (a simple stress can trigger a crisis). This chronic asthma may be more or less serious, with more or less severe attacks. For example, intermittent asthma (fewer than 2 seizures, even mild ones, per week) also falls into this category.
- Daily (or persistent) asthma : it is a form of asthma that is more difficult to bear, because the individual suffers from several seizures per week, and an increased daily respiratory difficulty, mainly in the morning and evening before going to bed . Specific treatment may be prescribed in addition to the basic bronchodilator.
- Asthma of Effort: As the name suggests, this asthma triggers after intense physical exertion, such as running or brisk walking. This difficulty in breathing can easily lead to a more severe crisis if treatment is not taken within minutes of exertion.
- Allergic Asthma: An allergic asthma attack can become very serious, and can endanger the life of asthmatics. It is triggered by an allergic reaction of the individual after it has come into contact with an allergenic substance. It is imperative to contact an emergency department as quickly as possible because this crisis has little chance of being appeased by conventional asthma treatments.
- The acute asthma crisis: This crisis represents a real danger for the asthmatic person. If you experience one or more of the symptoms listed above, it is imperative that you contact an emergency department promptly so that you can administer a specific treatment so that the acute crisis disappears.
Treatment for asthmatics
Effective treatments for asthma have undergone many improvements in recent years, which makes it possible to say today that, with regular follow-up of the instructions given by your doctor, it is possible to live normally Suffering from this disease. Among other things, you can treat asthma with everyday gestures , but also medical treatments.
Treat asthma with simple everyday gestures
Although effort is one of the main reasons for asthma attacks in France, it is necessary for asthmatics to continue to practice a sport regularly, because contrary to many ideas received, sport is absolutely not contraindicated!
As proof, an amateur asthmatic marathoner named Thierry Quigniot, thanks to an intense and regular physical activity, has managed to regain all of his breathing capacities and no longer need to take his treatment today!
For that, it was enough “to learn to manage the effort” at the beginning, and never forget a treatment taking before, and after the physical activity is fulfilled!
Of course, not everyone will be able to heal themselves through sport (Thierry had a “minor” asthma), but overall, your health will only improve during the sessions, if they are regular! However, do not forget to ask your doctor for advice on the pace and intensity of the sessions adapted to your illness and fitness.
Otherwise, do not forget to adapt your home to your illness, by removing all the elements likely to attract mites (some kinds of bedding for example, think of checking yours!), Certain chemical or natural cleaning products, allergens. As well as all dust (frequent cleaning), mold (remember to keep away any moisture from rooms in your home) or avoiding gas stoves that can trigger a crisis in some cases!
Medical treatments for asthma
There are mainly two types of treatment for asthma.
On one hand, we have the “relief” treatment, like the Ventoline (click on the link for more information). As the name suggests, this type of treatment is mainly used to calm the asthma attack when it is already emerging.
By almost immediately limiting the negative effects of symptoms, this type of treatment (mainly composed of Bronchodilators, even if syrups also exist but they take longer to act, and time is extremely valuable in times of crisis) allow To the individual suffering from asthma, to regain normal breathing in a few minutes only . Indeed, asthmatics will observe after the intake, a relaxation of its rib cage and muscular tissues of the bronchi, which will allow him to calm down and thus, regain all his breath.
There are also treatments for asthma, but prevention this time . Again, their name is rather explicit is their effectiveness mainly focuses on preventing crises, and thus maximizing the time between two of them. In this category, we find some drugs based on corticosteroids (Qvar is one of the most popular with the medical profession). Their aim is to limit the sensitivity of the asthmatic body to particles that are usually extremely harmful and trigger seizures.
For example, all the allergenic elements or irritating particles that we have cited in this article. The immune system is thus more prepared and defends better when an asthma attack approaches.